Evans, C.W., C.T. Bargeron, D.J. Moorhead & G.K. Douce. 2005. The Bugwood Network, The University of Georgia.
Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A. & C. Rivière
Golden bamboo and other invasive bamboos are perennial reed-like plants that can reach heights of 16 to 40 feet. The canes (stems) are hollow with solid joints and can be 1 to 6 inches in diameter. Leaves are alternate and grass-like, often occurring in fan clusters, and are often golden in color. Golden bamboo rarely flowers or produces seeds, usually once every 7 to 12 years, but readily reproduces by rhizomes.
Golden bamboo is native to China and was first introduced into America in 1882 in Alabama. It is a popular ornamental and has also been used for fishing poles and privacy fences. It occurs in the southeastern United States and in Washington State. Golden bamboo is common in Georgia.
Golden bamboo spreads mainly via rhizomes, rarely by seed. Infestations are commonly found around old homesites and can rapidly expand in size. It thrives in full sun and can tolerate moderate shade. Deep, moist soils are preferred. Golden bamboo can form dense, monocultural thickets that displace native species. Once bamboo is established, it is difficult to remove.
Recommended herbicides for control:
| The Bugwood Network and Forestry Images Image Archive and Database Systems|
The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Tuesday, April 19, 2005 at 05:01 PM
Questions and/or comments to the