Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council


Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council

List of Non-native Invasive Plants in Georgia


Georgia EPPC Invasive Plant List Purpose

The purpose of the Georgia EPPC Invasive Plant List is to identify and categorize plants that pose threats to natural areas in Georgia. Natural areas are those areas that are managed to conserve or restore the native plant communities. For this list, invasive plants do not include plants that are only problems in agricultural or pastoral systems. The list does not have regulatory authority; it is intended to aid in land management decisions and increase public awareness of invasive species.

Invasive Plant Definition

Invasive species is defined as any species, including its seeds, spores or other biological material capable of propagating that species, that is not native to that ecosystem; and whose introduction does or is likely to cause environmental harm. Political boundaries are not used when determining a species nativity. Instead a species is defined as being exotic when it is not native to a particular ecosystem, making it possible to have a species that is native to parts of Georgia, but considered invasive in others.

List Description

The invasive plant list is separated into 4 categories, with one subcategory (see category definitions below). Species were ranked by EPPC members with input from other professionals and land managers. Detailed distribution information does not exist for many of these species, making it difficult to use demonstrable distribution data as a criterion for ranking a species. Efforts are underway to collect this distribution data and future revisions of the Georgia EPPC Invasive Species List will incorporate the data.

Category 1 - Exotic plant that is a serious problem in Georgia natural areas by extensively invading native plant communities and displacing native species.

Scientific Name Common Name
Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle tree-of-heaven
Albizia julibrissin Durazz. mimosa
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. alligatorweed
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms common water hyacinth
Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. autumn olive
Hedera helix L. English ivy
Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle hydrilla
Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. shrubby lespedeza
Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don sericea lespedeza
Ligustrum sinense Lour. Chinese privet
Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese honeysuckle
Lygodium japonicum (Thunb. ex Murr.) Sw. Japanese climbing fern
Melia azedarach L. chinaberry
Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Japanese stiltgrass
Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. marsh dayflower
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. princesstree
Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida kudzu
Rosa multiflora Thunb. multiflora rose
Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Chinese tallowtree
Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. Chinese wisteria

Category 1 Alert - Exotic plant that is a not yet a serious problem in Georgia natural areas, but that has significant potential to become a serious problem.

Scientific Name Common Name
Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai Japanese chaff flower
Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino small carpetgrass, joint-head grass
Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. oriental bittersweet
Fallopia japonica (Houttuyn) Ronse-Decraene Japanese knotweed
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. cogongrass
Paederia foetida L. skunk-vine
Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell giant salvinia

Category 2 - Exotic plant that is a moderate problem in Georgia natural areas through invading native plant communities and displacing native species, but to a lesser degree than category 1 species.

Scientific Name Common Name
Ardisia crenata Sims coral ardisia
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl camphortree
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers bermudagrass
Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Chinese yam
Egeria densa Planch. Brazilian waterweed
Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. thorny olive
Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. oxeye daisy
Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Japanese privet
Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Amur honeysuckle
Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Chinese silvergrass
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. parrotfeather
Nandina domestica Thunb. sacred bamboo
Nasturtium officinale R. Brown watercress
Paspalum notatum Flueggé bahiagrass
Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière golden bamboo
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh bigpod sesbania
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. red sesbania
Spiraea japonica L. f. Japanese spiraea
Tamarix gallica L. French tamarisk
Vinca major L. big periwinkle
Vinca minor L. common periwinkle

Category 3 - Exotic plant that is a minor problem in Georgia natural areas, or is not yet known to be a problem in Georgia but is known to be a problem in adjacent states.

Scientific Name Common Name
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. porcelain-berry
Anthoxanthum odoratum L. sweet vernalgrass
Arundo donax L. giant reed
Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese barberry
Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. paper-mulberry
Carduus nutans L. musk thistle
Centaurea cyanus L. cornflower
Clematis terniflora DC sweet autumn virginsbower
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott coco yam, wild taro
Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot
Dioscorea alata L. winged yam
Dioscorea bulbifera L. air-potato
Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees weeping lovegrass
Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees weeping lovegrass
Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. winter creeper
Festuca arundinacea Schreb. tall fescue
Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. tawny daylily
Hibiscus syriacus L. rose of Sharon
Lantana camara L. largeleaf lantana
Lespedeza thunbergii (DC.) Nakai Thunberg lespedeza
Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton glossy privet
Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume limnophila
Liriope muscari (Dcne.) Bailey monkeygrass
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton sweet breath of spring
Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr. leatherleaf mahonia
Marsilea minuta L. dwarf waterclover
Melilotus album Medikus white sweetclover
Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka natalgrass
Mentha x piperita L. (pro sp.) peppermint
Morus alba L. white mulberry
Mosla dianthera (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Maxim. miniature beefsteakplant
Myriophyllum spicatum L. Eurasian water-milfoil
Panicum repens L. torpedograss
Paspalum urvillei Steud. vaseygrass
Persicaria maculosa S.F. Gray ladysthumb
Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel common reed
Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel common reed
Poa annua L. annual bluegrass
Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. trifoliate orange
Potamogeton crispus L. curly-leaved pondweed
Pyrus calleryana Decne. Callery pear (Bradford pear)
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass
Rubus armeniacus Focke Himalayan blackberry
Securigera varia (L.) Lassen purple crown-vetch
Sesbania vesicaria (Jacq.) Ell. bagpod
Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. johnsongrass
Stachys floridana Shuttlw. ex Benth. Florida betony
Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw tungoil tree

Category 4 - Exotic plant that is naturalized in Georgia but generally does not pose a problem in Georgia natural areas or a potentially invasive plant in need of additional information to determine its true status.

Scientific Name Common Name
Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne. chocolate vine
Allium vineale L. wild garlic
Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. alyceclover
Artemisia vulgaris L. mugwort
Bidens bipinnata L. spanishneedles
Bidens pilosa L. hairy beggarticks
Bromus secalinus L. rye brome
Bromus tectorum L. cheatgrass
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. bull thistle
Commelina benghalensis L. Benghal dayflower
Commelina benghalensis L. Benghal dayflower
Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Scotch broom
Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. winged burning bush
Fallopia sachalinensis (F. Schmidt) Ronse-Decraene giant knotweed
Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai mulberryweed
Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight Chinese parasoltree
Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton Chinese holly
Ilex crenata Thunb. Japanese holly
Ipomoea coccinea L. red morningglory
Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba Dennst. tievine
Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth tall morningglory
Jacquemontia tamnifolia (L.) Griseb. smallflower morningglory
Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino Korean lespedeza
Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino Korean lespedeza
Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. common lespedeza
Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. common lespedeza
Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour. creeping liriope
Najas minor All. brittleleaf naiad
Orobanche minor Smith small broomrape
Paspalum quadrifarium Lam. tussock paspalum
Persicaria longiseta (Bruijn) Kitagawa Oriental lady's thumb
Pyracantha coccinea M. Roemer scarlet firethorn
Quercus acutissima Carruthers sawtooth oak
Rosa laevigata Michx. Cherokee rose
Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. wine raspberry
Setaria faberi Herrm. giant foxtail
Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes yellow foxtail
Setaria viridis var. viridis (L.) P. Beauv. green bristlegrass
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill spiny sowthistle
Sonchus oleraceus L. annual sowthistle
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link spreading hedgeparsley
Verbascum thapsus L. common mullein
Verbena bonariensis L. tall vervain
Verbena incompta P. W. Michael Brazilian vervain
Wisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC. Japanese wisteria

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Last updated on Tuesday, June 20, 2006 at 04:33 PM
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